Psychologists are interested in many concepts and attributes that are not directly observable (e.g. intelligence and personality). Consequently, a large area of psychological research has focused on the problem of measurement of abstract psychological properties and on the development of tools for their accurate measurement. This topic introduces students to the basic principles used to identify good psychological measures and on the theoretical principles underlying standardised measurement tools (e.g. intelligence tests, personality inventories, and clinical diagnostic instruments), the reliability and validity of these measures and the ethical principles that govern their use. The principles of behaviour observations and recording will also be discussed.
This topic aims to: