This topic deals with the fundamentals of fabrication and characterisation of two-dimensional structures at the nanoscale. Two approaches of fabrication are discussed, namely the 'top-down' approach and the 'bottom-up' approach. Topics covered will include:
This topic aims to introduce students to the techniques of making and characterising two-dimensional structures on the nanoscale and help them appreciate the special properties and novel nanoscopic phenomena that these structures might have. The topic also introduces students to theories of more advanced instrumental techniques and how these are used to characterise particular types of nanomaterials and structures.