This topic will aim to provide a critical understanding of the nature and development of terrorism through the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and its interrelatedness to society. The topic will cover the debates around the origins and explanations of terrorism, the various types of terror, such as state and non-state terror, the factors contributing to the logic/justifications of terror and the methods of terror. Cases will be drawn from Europe and its periphery, including, IMRO, EOKA, IRA, ETA and others, but the wider global context will not be lost sight of. The fundamental questions this topic seeks to address are: what are the differences between why governments use terrorism and why individual groups use terrorism? How have targets of terrorist attacks and methods of violence changed? How have perceptions of terrorism changed?
This topic aims to: