This topic examines crime and punishment in modern society. It explores the emergence of modern forms of punishment, the rationales for various types of punitive techniques (e.g., fines, conferencing, suspended sentences, imprisonment), and the effectiveness of punishment in terms of deterring individual offenders from further offending. The topic places a particular emphasis on the role and impact of imprisonment, the experience of living and working in prison, as well as the challenges faced by those released from juvenile and adult custodial environments.
This topic aims to:
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