This topic is about competitive advantage and the fundamentals of realising and sustaining an 'above-normal' profit. The significance of both external and internal environments of an organisation are explored, including concepts such as Michael Porter's Five Forces model and the resource-based view of the entity. Specific areas covered include: the importance of organisational strategy in determining performance; competitive rivalry and responses; mergers, acquisitions and strategic alliances; innovation; globalisation as a strategy; product positioning, strategic marketing and competitive pricing. Case studies are used to illustrate concepts.
This topic aims to provide students with a solid understanding of the fundamentals of strategic planning and management as it applies to businesses operating in modern competitive environments.