This topic will develop further the students' knowledge of the key areas of medical and vision science underpinning optometrical practice as first introduced in the OPTO3001 topic ‘Knowledge of Health and Illness for Optometrists 1. Students will be familiarised with the scientific basis of Optometry by providing them with knowledge of the normal structure and function of the eye and visual system and relevant body systems at the molecular, cellular, optical, organ and total individual levels of organisation. The changes that occur as a result of abnormal growth or development, disease and injury, relevant psychosocial issues, aetiology of disease processes and factors affecting outcome of disease are also covered. Covering specific scientific discipline areas this topic is presented using a case-based learning (CBL) approach where common or important eye problems are used as vehicles to apply the learning underpinning the science. The topic has three case-driven presentation areas:
- Diseases of the eye
- Relevant systemic conditions
The cases represent real clinical presentation and within each case, relevant anatomy and physiology, cell biology and biochemistry, microbiology, immunology and pharmacology, pathology and pathophysiology will be explored. Exploration covers all levels of organisation, from the molecular and cellular, through optical to the clinical picture. The emphasis is on normal structure and function and on the pathophysiology of disease processes. Approaches to diagnostic testing and treatment are considered, with an emphasis on the underlying biomedical science principles.
All cases include pharmacological prescribing and dispensing and where appropriate, therapeutic management.
Support is provided to student-centred learning through live lectures, electronic delivery, workshops, tutorials, written material, topic readers and recommended textbooks.