This topic will provide students with an understanding of the cellular and molecular basis of nervous system function. The material will explore the properties of neurons and other cells in the nervous system that are essential for normal neurotransmission. Subjects covered will include key molecular components of neurons and other neural cells, the generation of resting membrane potentials and action potentials in neurons, neurotransmitter synthesis and release, the properties of neurotransmitter receptors and the cellular responses to released neurotransmitters. Also examined are the properties and function of simple neural circuits, the adaptive responses of neurons that contribute to normal function including learning and memory and the key events in nervous system development.
This topic aims to provide students with an understanding of the cellular and molecular basis of nervous system function. The topic will provide fundamental knowledge on the properties of neurons and other cells in the nervous system that underpin normal neurotransmission. It will subsequently examine the features of simple neural circuits, adaptive responses of neurons and key events in the development of the nervous system. This knowledge will allow the students to read and understand much of the neuroscience literature and will provide a strong foundation for further study into advanced aspects of normal nervous system function and the effects of disease.